Sunday, May 6, 2018

Cheering for #5

                #5 in the upper right, eyes closed. Note the size difference between #5 (ten days old)
                and its siblings (12 days old.)

by Trina

#5 is the temporary name (suggestions are welcome) for the fifth owlet who hatched 2 days later than its siblings and is considerably smaller, weaker, and easier to miss when feeding. We want ALL the owlets to survive, which is not likely, we know, but for now they are all still alive, and for now, I'm paying particular attention to whether #5 is getting fed during deliveries. Feedings are fairly frenetic, making it hard to see exactly what's going on, but once in a while we get a decent glimpse of #5 in the hubbub:

Here, #5 is on the left, struggling with a piece of something dead, while DH feeds the other owlets in the upper right corner:

Here, #5 makes a move and gets fed:

#5 gets food:

Here, a mere 22 minutes later, #5 gets fed again. You can hear his little beak clicking against the nest box wall as he struggles to get something down:

Feed, Sit, Leave, Rinse, Repeat

by Trina

Every morning I awake to dozens of nest cam videos from the night. The camera is motion triggered, so when there is motion, it starts recording; when the motion stops, it stops recording. If I'm awake and can answer the alert that I get when there is motion, I can make a longer video. When I'm asleep, though, the camera is on and off throughout the night, recording in short 20 to 30 second bursts of activity. Most of the clips are nearly the same sequence of parent feeding, hopping up to the hole to sit with his or her wings directly in front of the camera for a few seconds -- you definitely have to be patient with the lengthy views of an out-of-focus owl wing (ah, first world problems) --  and then leaving to go find more food. Feed, sit, leave (FSL). Return in a minute, or 3 minutes, or 25 minutes. Feed, sit, leave. Repeat. There are variations on the theme. Sometimes Boyle brings DH a kill, giving it to her as she sits in the hole. Sometimes he delivers a kill to her inside the box and she dispenses it to the babies, tearing off small pieces for them. Sometimes he delivers to the babies inside the box. Sometimes he gives her food on a branch outside and she takes it into the owlets. Either way, they are both working so very hard, all through the night, doing some version of the FSL over and over and over:

In these next 2 videos, DH does an FSL-return-FS, and then receives a delivery from Boyle, all within one minute: 

Here, both parents are in the box feeding owlets:

Saturday, May 5, 2018

More of the Owlets at 11 (and 9) Days

and one of Mom:

Serious flapping:


Owlet with wing part:

#5 with a moth? lacewing? It looks like he doesn't actually succeed at eating it, though. It gets hard to see once DH hops up into the hole to sit, but it looks like one of the larger owlets dives for the bug at 1:30 after #5 left it laying on the floor:

Owlets at 11 (and 9) Days

    (#5 is under DH in this picture.)

Two owlets venture out from under Mom:

Here, after DH feeds and leaves, you can see one of the owlets tearing at a piece of a dead thing...

... and lifting the dead thing:

Here, in the first few seconds, you can see the size difference between #5 and its siblings, and an owlet stretches its wings:

Night Terrors

by Trina

On the night of the 3rd, the nest cam caught this interesting footage. As usual, DH comes in with a kill, feeds the babies, and hops up to sit in the hole. At the one minute mark, she leaves and comes back quickly to feed again. Then, just as she's about to leave the second time, something outside apparently startles her. Here's how she reacts:

I went outside to see if I could tell what was going on but didn't see anything because, well, it was dark. The next morning, though, our local Great Horned Owl was sleeping in a tree not even a full block away, so that may well have been what scared DH. It's both really amazing and really worrisome to have a GHO in the neighborhood. It is, of course, such a treat to have wildlife like that in our busy little downtown neighborhood, but we'll be pretty unhappy if the GHOs eat our beloved WSOs. 

When the terrors of the night aren't interrupting normal activities, the parents are in and out of the nest all night long feeding the five hungry little fluffs. In the last couple of days, feedings have been getting increasingly frequent and increasingly frenzied:

In this video, feeding proceeds as usual, and then the babies react to a firecracker:

Owlets at 9 (and 7) Days

Wednesday, May 2, 2018

Owlets at 8 (and 6) Days

by Trina

Eyes are an eensie weensie bit more open:

Owlets wobble, flick their wings, yawn, tussle:

Owlet between DH's wings:

DH gives an owlet what looks like a cockroach:

DH feeding owlets:

Monday, April 30, 2018

Owlets at 6 (and 4) Days

by Trina

At 6 days of age for four of the owlets, and only 4 days for the youngest, they're already being given whole food. DH is still feeding the owlets much of the time, but now she is staying in the nest less. During the night, she is in and out constantly, quickly, dropping off small critters, or pieces of critters, for the owlets to eat by themselves. Boyle is bringing food to her in the trees near the nest box, and based on last year's observations, we expect he'll be delivering straight to the owlets soon, if he isn't already. (We can't always tell the difference between the two adults.)

Owlet #5 is still alive, and looking pretty strong. He's significantly smaller than his siblings, and still a very bright white, while the older owlets are starting to get greyer. One of the older owlets has ever so slightly started to open an eye, and all of the babies are starting to stretch their wings:

Here, a live worm is delivered, eventually sensed/discovered, and devoured:

Here, once the parent leaves, one of the owlets can be seen trying to eat whatever critter was just delivered:

Here, we see an eye ease open a touch, #5 looking strong, and a very cute yawn:

Sunday, April 29, 2018

Boyle Delivers

Boyle delivers three times in two minutes:

and a daylight peek:

Friday, April 27, 2018

Identifying the Victims

                                                                             ^ sphinx moth

by Trina

It's been nearly impossible so far to identify what our owls are eating. We know from last year's observations that they eat a lot of cockroaches, sphinx moths and sparrows. I thought the camera would allow good looks at everything Boyle brings in, but alas, it does not. Also, infrared lighting doesn't show color, so even when we can see that Boyle is delivering, say, a dead bird, there aren't any color clues to help identify which species it might be. But as of today, we have a couple of videos that afford decent enough looks at two dead birds that we can at least guess at their identities. This (daytime/color) video shows a bird in the upper right corner with either a yellow throat or head, and some bright white markings on its wing. My guesses are goldfinch or warbler:

...and an unidentifiable grey bird in the lower right corner which I'm guessing is the bird delivered earlier in the morning, which may be a sparrow:

If you know birds better than we do and can identify these, we'd love to hear who you think our owls are eating!

Thursday, April 26, 2018

Five Fuzzy Lumplets

by Trina

As of 6:30pm today, all five eggs have hatched! At this point, 4 of the owlets are 2 days old, and the fifth is merely a few hours old. Last year there was one owlet that fledged a day later than its siblings, and was clearly fuzzier, smaller and younger. I'm guessing we're set up for that scenario again, if #5 survives.

Here, DH sits in the hole for a bit, leaves at 2:17, and then you have a minute to enjoy five squirming fuzzy lumplets:

Here, Boyle makes a delivery, DH eats and talks to her babies:

Here, DH sits in the hole for a bit and calls to Boyle. He brings her a morsel which she eats and then she talks to the owlets:

This is a particularly beautiful daylight preening session from the 21st:

What to Expect when You’re Expecting Owlets

by Trina

One week before hatch, the female will suddenly get restless. She’ll no longer sleep soundly for hours between food deliveries, nor will she stay asleep for most of the day. She’ll start tending to the eggs in a new way, almost constantly fussing with them. Then, six hours before the first chicks hatch, your neighbors' swamp cooler will start to squeak.

In this video, Boyle makes a delivery, DH chatters while eating, and once she quiets down, you can hear the new chirp-squeak sound:

We first heard that new chirp-squeak on April 23 at 8:24pm. Naturally, I assumed it was newly hatched owlets, and got just a tiny bit excited, but two minutes later, when DH left the nest briefly (for seven minutes), she revealed five still-whole eggs:

No chirping chicks. Sooooo, who or what is making this chirping sound? Checking the video record, I see (hear) that the chirping has been nearly constant for six hours. At times it really does sound like it’s coming from inside the nest box, but it also sounds kind of like a rotary squeak of some sort. Fast forward through cluelessness, confusion and wonder, past the speculation that it must be the neighbors' swamp cooler motor needing a bit of oil – they did have a squeaky motor last summer, and I don’t think it ever got oiled… do they have their swamp cooler hooked up already?! -- to a farm-and-ranch blog where someone posted:

"My baby chikens are chirpin inside the eggs. Are they stuk? What shud I dew?" [sic]

This was the answer:

"The chick will first "pip internally", i.e. into the air sac, so it can breathe. From there it will pip through the shell and eventually start "zipping" the shell open and complete the hatch. Most chicks will pip through the shell before they are ready to come out of the egg. They pip so they can get fresh air and get used to breathing properly. After pipping they will take a break and absorb the remaining yolk in the egg and the blood in the vessels in the membrane around them. This process can take up to 24 hours and some even longer..."

If pip means peep -- it sort of sounds like it could mean to poke a hole? -- and this applies to owls as well, that explains why we heard chirping for many hours before the first two owlets hatched in the wee hours of the morning on April 24:

The third and fourth eggs had hatched by 8:19 that evening:

As of 6am on April 26, we're still awaiting the hatch of the fifth egg.

Thursday, April 19, 2018

Urban Soundtrack

by Trina

Owls are all about silence. Their whole existence takes place in the stillness of night. Their world is quiet. Specialized feathers make their flight so completely, amazingly silent that an owl can fly right over your head and you won't know it until you feel the hairs on the back of your neck stir. Our nest box is on a tree between the sidewalk and street, in a (usually) quiet but populated downtown neighborhood with a sports field full of amplified announcers and cheering, horn-blowing spectators a block away in one direction, (making it less quiet on football weekends) and a school full of screaming children within a block in the other direction (making it less quiet during recess), and the occasional sound of cars gunning it from a stop sign for a one-block sprint to the next stop sign. Add in leaf blowers, barking dogs, chainsaws, the neighbor's table saw, utility trucks, the street sweeper, the train south of town, and you have the soundtrack for our very urban owls. They appear to be almost completely unperturbed by all of it.

When Boyle was living in the nest box alone, before DerOwl Hannah showed up, we'd watch him at dusk as he hopped up into the hole and sat for half an hour having coffee, which is to say slowly waking up, eyes half mast, sort of paying attention to the world outside, sort of dozing, until true dark when he would finally awake fully and leave for a night of hunting. Big, loud, jacked-up, coal-rolling trucks would blare past the nest box and he'd just watch with barely a hint of interest, and definitely a hint of disdain.

Countless people walk by on the sidewalk with no awareness of the life-and-death going on in the nest box and trees just above their heads. Last year, once the babies had hatched, DH took to attacking folks who walked too close to the nest. I can tell you from experience that you hear nothing, and you have no idea what hit you, and you think you just walked into a branch or some other overhead thing, except that when you look up after impact, there is no overhead thing there. It was DH nailing you in the head with her outstretched claws, and in my case, pulling my hair out of my ponytail. If you don't know there are resident owls in the area, you have no idea what just happened. (Let the record show, I was NOT getting too close to her nest; I was leaving my house to go get something out of my truck and she must've been hunting in my garden at that moment. I entered the scene, unaware of her presence, and BAM! No more ponytail for me!) At no point during the attack did I hear a thing. There was only silence.

Here's an audio tour of the urban soundtrack that our owls live with, starting with something that probably matches your idea of an appropriate environment for an idyllic, peaceful owl nest: the lovely sound of evening robin song. After that, you might be surprised.

Friday, April 13, 2018

Halfway to Hatch

by Trina

Two weeks of incubation down, two weeks to go... while we wait, patiently, here are a few highlights from the nest cam.

A nice, long daylight (!) view of this gorgeous creature preening, with a few reactions to street noise:

The noises B makes when he checks in at the nest and finds DH absent:

The sound of the eggs rustling together as DH snuggles onto them:

Tuesday, April 10, 2018

What Does it Sound Like When an Owl Talks with Her Mouth Full?

by Trina

That is but one of the many important questions about screech owls we didn't even realize we had, to which answers are streaming in each night via the nest cam.

DH always talks to B when he brings her food. It usually sounds like this:

Recently, however, he brought her something that seemed particularly hard to get down, and she tried to talk to him in the midst of chewing:

If you listen carefully here, you can hear B outside calling to DH at :46 and 1:00, before delivering food:

This is what it looks like when DH snuggles herself down onto the eggs. (She leaves the nest a couple of times a night for 15 minutes or so, usually when B hasn't brought her food for a few hours.This is what she does when she returns.)

On April 1, B made two dinner deliveries within less than a minute (unless that first interaction was merely him checking in...?)

Based on our outside-the-nest observations last year, we know that our screech owls eat a lot of cockroaches and sphinx moths, but the small things B has been delivering have been impossible to see in the nest cam videos. Once in a while it's possible to see that it was something small and black, but beyond that, we haven't been able to identify most of what they're eating. Now and then, however, B snags a bird, which we can see, briefly, before B sits right in front of the camera:

Tuesday, April 3, 2018

All Is (not actually) Lost

by Trina

It turns out that when an owl lays an egg and then vanishes at 8pm on a night when it’s 33 degrees, leaving the egg uncovered for the entire night, it doesn’t mean she has abandoned the nest after laying only a single egg. You can mourn and grieve and kick yourself for putting a strange new camera in the nest box and ruining everything, but in the morning you'll realize that all that fretting and despair was for naught.

It turns out that owls don’t lay all their eggs at once. They lay one every 2 or 3 days, and don’t start incubating them until the entire clutch is laid. And the eggs are just fine not being kept warm in the meantime. At least that's our theory at this point. There isn’t actually a lot of information available on the nesting behavior of screech owls, probably because all of their activity happens in the dark, making them hard to observe, so we haven’t found any official literature to confirm this theory. We did, however, find multiple sources citing this pattern in birds other than owls. Those sources say that birds do this so that the eggs don’t hatch all at once, suddenly giving the parents four or six or ten hungry mouths to feed. Ultimately they will  have all those chicks to feed at the same time, but staggering the hatching increases their survival rate.

This appears to be what’s happening here in our nest. On the night in question, when it looked like DH had abandoned the nest, and all was lost, so soon, after a mere three days, she came back at sunrise, preened a bit, finished off the last of something dead she had drug in with her, tucked her single egg underneath her, fluffed and ruffed, and dozed off to sleep. And then she did it again. Twice. She stayed out all night for the next two nights, with no apparent concern for the solitary, cold egg she’d left behind.

                                                                                   (That's a sparrow carcass in the lower right corner.)

And then, three days after the first egg, she laid a second one. A third egg came two days after that, a fourth in another three days, and THEN she started sitting on them for most of the night. With incubation apparently underway, we thought that must mean that the clutch was complete at four eggs. But on the night of March 29, ten days after the first egg was laid, a fifth egg appeared. 

Now she is definitely in incubation mode, staying on the eggs almost the entire night while B delivers cockroaches, crickets, moths and sparrows to her.

She does leave for up to an hour at a time, presumably to go find something to eat. This video shows one of those instances, when B arrived at the nest with a dead bird for her, only to find her absent:

Word on the internet is that incubation lasts 28 days, so if all goes well for the next few weeks, we can expect the first egg to hatch on April 25ish. 

Sunday, March 18, 2018

Guess hoo's home?

by Trina

One thing we didn't know about owls: they're punctual. I've been watching the calendar, counting the days, sitting on the edge of my proverbial seat as March 19 drew nearer. That is the date last year that we first noticed that our male had found a mate and that she was ensconced in the nest box.

Owl activity has definitely been heating up around here for the last few months, with both owls checking in at the nest box increasingly frequently, and a pattern has emerged in which the male, Boyle (Boy+owl) goes into the box, calls to the female, DH (DerOwl Hannah) from inside, scratches around in the pine shavings as though plumping the cushions for her, hops up into the hole, calls from there, and then leaves the box, followed by DH going into the box and giving it a thorough inspection. Call it anthropomorphizing, but it sure looks to us like Boyle is trying to convince DH to reuse this nest site. This sequence, with variations, has lasted from 4 to 6 minutes each time, and occurred on January 10 and 22, February 4 and 26, and most recently on March 11 (video above).

Most concerning throughout the winter, as DH has been checking in, is her apparent discomfort with the camera. It is, of course, a new addition since she nested in this box last year, and we didn't think to put camouflage tape over it, and it does have an eyeball-like lens, and it surely makes noise when it is activated by the owls' movements, all of which might be reason to reject this nesting site... but in her last few visits to the box, she has, at last, quit staring suspiciously at the camera, and, finally, as of this morning, she appears to have come home to roost. She arrived at 6:17, as the morning was just beginning to brighten, and instead of just her usual brief check-in, she settled in, scritched around a bit and gradually drifted off to sleep for the day.  Yes, oh yes, there is video of an owl going to sleep, hereBoyle is also back in his sleeping spot in a pine tree near the nest box.

Now that they've arrived for the nesting season not merely on time, but a day early, we fully expect adherence to the following strict schedule, based on last year:

Mar 19 DH moves in
(?) lay egg #1
(?) lay egg #2
(?) lay egg #3
(?) lay egg #4
Apr (late?) #1 hatch
                  #2 hatch
                  #3 hatch
                  #4 hatch
May 12 owlets start appearing in hole
May 24 fledge, but stay in the area
June 14 departure
June 24 Boyle returns alone
July 13 DH returns